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511 . In Question , you have brief passages with 5 questions. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives and mark it by blackening the appropriate oval in the Answer Sheet.

A rat's thick, furry body brushed his cheek, its whiskered nose sniff ing at his mouth. Quivering with revulsion, Kunta snapped his teeth together desperately, and the rat ran away. In rase, Kunta snatched and kicked against the shackles that bound his wrists and ankles. Instantly, angry exclamations and jerking came back from whomever he was shackled to. The shock and pain adding to his fury, Kunta lunged upward, his head bumping hard against wood -right on the spot where he had been clubbed by the 'toubol' back in the woods. Gasping and snarling, he and the unseen man next to him battered their iron cuffs at each other until both slumped back in exhaustion. Kunta felt himself starting to vomit again, and he tried to force it back, but couldn't. His already emptied belly squeezed up a thin, sour fluid that drained from the side of his mouth as he lay wishing that he might die.

He told himself that he mustn't lose control again if he wanted to save his strength and his sanity. After a while, when he felt he could move again, he very slowly and carefully explored his shackled right wrist and ankle with his left hand. They were bleeding. He pulled lightly on the chain; it seemed to be connected to the left ankle and wrist of the man he had fought with. On Kunta's left, chained to him by the ankles, lay some other man, someone who kept up a steady moaning, and they were all so close that their shoulders, arms, and legs touched if any of them moved even a little.
Where is Kunta ?
In the open air
In a prison
In a confined space
Not mentioned in the text
512 . In Question , you have brief passages with 5 questions. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives and mark it by blackening the appropriate oval in the Answer Sheet.

A rat's thick, furry body brushed his cheek, its whiskered nose sniff ing at his mouth. Quivering with revulsion, Kunta snapped his teeth together desperately, and the rat ran away. In rase, Kunta snatched and kicked against the shackles that bound his wrists and ankles. Instantly, angry exclamations and jerking came back from whomever he was shackled to. The shock and pain adding to his fury, Kunta lunged upward, his head bumping hard against wood -right on the spot where he had been clubbed by the 'toubol' back in the woods. Gasping and snarling, he and the unseen man next to him battered their iron cuffs at each other until both slumped back in exhaustion. Kunta felt himself starting to vomit again, and he tried to force it back, but couldn't. His already emptied belly squeezed up a thin, sour fluid that drained from the side of his mouth as he lay wishing that he might die.

He told himself that he mustn't lose control again if he wanted to save his strength and his sanity. After a while, when he felt he could move again, he very slowly and carefully explored his shackled right wrist and ankle with his left hand. They were bleeding. He pulled lightly on the chain; it seemed to be connected to the left ankle and wrist of the man he had fought with. On Kunta's left, chained to him by the ankles, lay some other man, someone who kept up a steady moaning, and they were all so close that their shoulders, arms, and legs touched if any of them moved even a little.
Kunta was desperate when a rat came near him because
he quivered with revulsion
he was angry and hungry
he was shackled and helpless
he was tied to someone else
513 . In Question , you have brief passages with 5 questions. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives and mark it by blackening the appropriate oval in the Answer Sheet.

A rat's thick, furry body brushed his cheek, its whiskered nose sniff ing at his mouth. Quivering with revulsion, Kunta snapped his teeth together desperately, and the rat ran away. In rase, Kunta snatched and kicked against the shackles that bound his wrists and ankles. Instantly, angry exclamations and jerking came back from whomever he was shackled to. The shock and pain adding to his fury, Kunta lunged upward, his head bumping hard against wood -right on the spot where he had been clubbed by the 'toubol' back in the woods. Gasping and snarling, he and the unseen man next to him battered their iron cuffs at each other until both slumped back in exhaustion. Kunta felt himself starting to vomit again, and he tried to force it back, but couldn't. His already emptied belly squeezed up a thin, sour fluid that drained from the side of his mouth as he lay wishing that he might die.

He told himself that he mustn't lose control again if he wanted to save his strength and his sanity. After a while, when he felt he could move again, he very slowly and carefully explored his shackled right wrist and ankle with his left hand. They were bleeding. He pulled lightly on the chain; it seemed to be connected to the left ankle and wrist of the man he had fought with. On Kunta's left, chained to him by the ankles, lay some other man, someone who kept up a steady moaning, and they were all so close that their shoulders, arms, and legs touched if any of them moved even a little.
In the passage, Kunta vomit ed again because he
was not keeping well
was very hungry
was angry with someone
514 . In Question , you have brief passages with 5 questions. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives and mark it by blackening the appropriate oval in the Answer Sheet.

A rat's thick, furry body brushed his cheek, its whiskered nose sniff ing at his mouth. Quivering with revulsion, Kunta snapped his teeth together desperately, and the rat ran away. In rase, Kunta snatched and kicked against the shackles that bound his wrists and ankles. Instantly, angry exclamations and jerking came back from whomever he was shackled to. The shock and pain adding to his fury, Kunta lunged upward, his head bumping hard against wood -right on the spot where he had been clubbed by the 'toubol' back in the woods. Gasping and snarling, he and the unseen man next to him battered their iron cuffs at each other until both slumped back in exhaustion. Kunta felt himself starting to vomit again, and he tried to force it back, but couldn't. His already emptied belly squeezed up a thin, sour fluid that drained from the side of his mouth as he lay wishing that he might die.

He told himself that he mustn't lose control again if he wanted to save his strength and his sanity. After a while, when he felt he could move again, he very slowly and carefully explored his shackled right wrist and ankle with his left hand. They were bleeding. He pulled lightly on the chain; it seemed to be connected to the left ankle and wrist of the man he had fought with. On Kunta's left, chained to him by the ankles, lay some other man, someone who kept up a steady moaning, and they were all so close that their shoulders, arms, and legs touched if any of them moved even a little.
The man is referred to as 'unseen' because
Kunta didn't know him
Kunta wouldn't turn his head to see him
It was dark
Kunta was tied
515 . In Question , you have brief passages with 5 questions. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives and mark it by blackening the appropriate oval in the Answer Sheet.

A rat's thick, furry body brushed his cheek, its whiskered nose sniff ing at his mouth. Quivering with revulsion, Kunta snapped his teeth together desperately, and the rat ran away. In rase, Kunta snatched and kicked against the shackles that bound his wrists and ankles. Instantly, angry exclamations and jerking came back from whomever he was shackled to. The shock and pain adding to his fury, Kunta lunged upward, his head bumping hard against wood -right on the spot where he had been clubbed by the 'toubol' back in the woods. Gasping and snarling, he and the unseen man next to him battered their iron cuffs at each other until both slumped back in exhaustion. Kunta felt himself starting to vomit again, and he tried to force it back, but couldn't. His already emptied belly squeezed up a thin, sour fluid that drained from the side of his mouth as he lay wishing that he might die.

He told himself that he mustn't lose control again if he wanted to save his strength and his sanity. After a while, when he felt he could move again, he very slowly and carefully explored his shackled right wrist and ankle with his left hand. They were bleeding. He pulled lightly on the chain; it seemed to be connected to the left ankle and wrist of the man he had fought with. On Kunta's left, chained to him by the ankles, lay some other man, someone who kept up a steady moaning, and they were all so close that their shoulders, arms, and legs touched if any of them moved even a little.
How many people are there definitely with Kunta ?
No one else
One other person
Two other persons
Many others
516 . Soil scientists have shown that soil teems with millions of living, things, many of them useful, others harmful. The living things which are useful include earthworms and various kinds of bacteria. Earthworms loosen the soil and so enable air and water to enter it. Bacteria, which are microscopic living thing break down dead plants and animals and make humus, or take ni trogen f rom t he ai r and change it int o substances that plants use. The living things that do harm incldude other bacteria and fungi which cause diseases. Other harmful things are pests such as wire worms which feed on the roots of grass and other plants. While the farmer can usual l y keep weeds in check by care ful cultivation, this alone may not protect his crops from insects, pests and diseases. Nowadays, however, he is much better able to control these enemies. He may plant specially resistant types of seeds or he may keep the pests and diseases in check with chemicals. With better seeds farmers have been able to increase their crop yields. They can grow crops that ripen more qui ckly and have a stronger resistance to disease, frost or drought.
Scientists who study soil believe that
all insects and bacteria are harmful
only microscopic living things are useful
only earthworms are useful
not all worms and bacteria are harmful
517 . Soil scientists have shown that soil teems with millions of living, things, many of them useful, others harmful. The living things which are useful include earthworms and various kinds of bacteria. Earthworms loosen the soil and so enable air and water to enter it. Bacteria, which are microscopic living thing break down dead plants and animals and make humus, or take ni trogen f rom t he ai r and change it int o substances that plants use. The living things that do harm incldude other bacteria and fungi which cause diseases. Other harmful things are pests such as wire worms which feed on the roots of grass and other plants. While the farmer can usual l y keep weeds in check by care ful cultivation, this alone may not protect his crops from insects, pests and diseases. Nowadays, however, he is much better able to control these enemies. He may plant specially resistant types of seeds or he may keep the pests and diseases in check with chemicals. With better seeds farmers have been able to increase their crop yields. They can grow crops that ripen more qui ckly and have a stronger resistance to disease, frost or drought.
The living things that do harm
break down plants and animal
use up the nitrogen from the air
cause disease in the plants
loosen up the soil from air and water
518 . Soil scientists have shown that soil teems with millions of living, things, many of them useful, others harmful. The living things which are useful include earthworms and various kinds of bacteria. Earthworms loosen the soil and so enable air and water to enter it. Bacteria, which are microscopic living thing break down dead plants and animals and make humus, or take ni trogen f rom t he ai r and change it int o substances that plants use. The living things that do harm incldude other bacteria and fungi which cause diseases. Other harmful things are pests such as wire worms which feed on the roots of grass and other plants. While the farmer can usual l y keep weeds in check by care ful cultivation, this alone may not protect his crops from insects, pests and diseases. Nowadays, however, he is much better able to control these enemies. He may plant specially resistant types of seeds or he may keep the pests and diseases in check with chemicals. With better seeds farmers have been able to increase their crop yields. They can grow crops that ripen more qui ckly and have a stronger resistance to disease, frost or drought.
Farmers are always careful
to control insects and fungi that attack plants
to encourage pests in the soil
to eliminate all bacteria from the soil
to foster all kinds of worms in the earth
519 . Soil scientists have shown that soil teems with millions of living, things, many of them useful, others harmful. The living things which are useful include earthworms and various kinds of bacteria. Earthworms loosen the soil and so enable air and water to enter it. Bacteria, which are microscopic living thing break down dead plants and animals and make humus, or take ni trogen f rom t he ai r and change it int o substances that plants use. The living things that do harm incldude other bacteria and fungi which cause diseases. Other harmful things are pests such as wire worms which feed on the roots of grass and other plants. While the farmer can usual l y keep weeds in check by care ful cultivation, this alone may not protect his crops from insects, pests and diseases. Nowadays, however, he is much better able to control these enemies. He may plant specially resistant types of seeds or he may keep the pests and diseases in check with chemicals. With better seeds farmers have been able to increase their crop yields. They can grow crops that ripen more qui ckly and have a stronger resistance to disease, frost or drought.
Nowadays it is possible to reduce the loss caused by pests and harmful bacteria
with the use of chemical fertilizers
through the development of resistant seeds
by using weeds as killers
by controlling earthworms
520 . Soil scientists have shown that soil teems with millions of living, things, many of them useful, others harmful. The living things which are useful include earthworms and various kinds of bacteria. Earthworms loosen the soil and so enable air and water to enter it. Bacteria, which are microscopic living thing break down dead plants and animals and make humus, or take ni trogen f rom t he ai r and change it int o substances that plants use. The living things that do harm incldude other bacteria and fungi which cause diseases. Other harmful things are pests such as wire worms which feed on the roots of grass and other plants. While the farmer can usual l y keep weeds in check by care ful cultivation, this alone may not protect his crops from insects, pests and diseases. Nowadays, however, he is much better able to control these enemies. He may plant specially resistant types of seeds or he may keep the pests and diseases in check with chemicals. With better seeds farmers have been able to increase their crop yields. They can grow crops that ripen more qui ckly and have a stronger resistance to disease, frost or drought.
The farmers today can also select seeds
of slow ripening variety
resistant to frost and drought
for economy in costs
of lower resistance to disease
521 . In the following questions, some of the words have been left out. First read the passage over and try to understand what it is about. Then fill in the blanks with the help of the alternatives given.

A modern exampl e of the proce ss of evolution by natural selection in action is provided by the peppered moth. The moth is .... $(1)$....pale in colour, a mottled grey which . .. . $(2)$ . . .. the moth to sett le, wings outstretched, .... $(3)$ .... the bark of lichen covered trees and .... $(4)$....unnoticed. It can thus save itself from many .... $(5)$ .... birds. However, many years ago some British .... $(6)$ .... found that there does exist a second.
$(1)$
only
normally
really
obviously
522 . In the following questions, some of the words have been left out. First read the passage over and try to understand what it is about. Then fill in the blanks with the help of the alternatives given.

A modern exampl e of the proce ss of evolution by natural selection in action is provided by the peppered moth. The moth is .... $(1)$....pale in colour, a mottled grey which . .. . $(2)$ . . .. the moth to sett le, wings outstretched, .... $(3)$ .... the bark of lichen covered trees and .... $(4)$....unnoticed. It can thus save itself from many .... $(5)$ .... birds. However, many years ago some British .... $(6)$ .... found that there does exist a second.
$(2)$
permits
allows
enables
obstructs
523 . In the following questions, some of the words have been left out. First read the passage over and try to understand what it is about. Then fill in the blanks with the help of the alternatives given.

A modern exampl e of the proce ss of evolution by natural selection in action is provided by the peppered moth. The moth is .... $(1)$....pale in colour, a mottled grey which . .. . $(2)$ . . .. the moth to sett le, wings outstretched, .... $(3)$ .... the bark of lichen covered trees and .... $(4)$....unnoticed. It can thus save itself from many .... $(5)$ .... birds. However, many years ago some British .... $(6)$ .... found that there does exist a second.
$(3)$
in
on
under
524 . In the following questions, some of the words have been left out. First read the passage over and try to understand what it is about. Then fill in the blanks with the help of the alternatives given.

A modern exampl e of the proce ss of evolution by natural selection in action is provided by the peppered moth. The moth is .... $(1)$....pale in colour, a mottled grey which . .. . $(2)$ . . .. the moth to sett le, wings outstretched, .... $(3)$ .... the bark of lichen covered trees and .... $(4)$....unnoticed. It can thus save itself from many .... $(5)$ .... birds. However, many years ago some British .... $(6)$ .... found that there does exist a second.
$(4)$
be
hide
run
come
525 . In the following questions, some of the words have been left out. First read the passage over and try to understand what it is about. Then fill in the blanks with the help of the alternatives given.

A modern exampl e of the proce ss of evolution by natural selection in action is provided by the peppered moth. The moth is .... $(1)$....pale in colour, a mottled grey which . .. . $(2)$ . . .. the moth to sett le, wings outstretched, .... $(3)$ .... the bark of lichen covered trees and .... $(4)$....unnoticed. It can thus save itself from many .... $(5)$ .... birds. However, many years ago some British .... $(6)$ .... found that there does exist a second.
$(5)$
ordinary
circulatory
predatory
stationary